KEEPING FIT: Fitness walking can be a safer form of exercise than running

Woman RunningEver since the jogging phenomenon in the 1970s there has been high participation in all kinds of running events. Men and women of all ages typically run within their own ability range, and race within their own age category. Friendly fun runs and community fundraisers along scenic courses followed by picnics and awards distributions have motivated thousands of previously sedentary adults to engage in purposeful physical activity.

However, in spite of the healthful benefits to the cardiovascular system, jogging has been responsible for a large number of musculoskeletal injuries. Two out of every three runners have experienced foot problems, knee problems, hip problems, back problems or other running-related injuries. Many of these injuries were the result of the constant pounding and shock absorption inherent in running. For example, every time your foot hits the ground, your leg is subjected to about three times your body weight in landing forces….

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Facts about Hammertoes

Hammertoe Treatment in New York, NY and Oradell, NJHammertoe is a contracture (bending) of one or both joints of the second, third, fourth, or fifth (little) toes. This abnormal bending can put pressure on the toe when wearing shoes, causing problems to develop.

Hammertoes usually start out as mild deformities and get progressively worse over time. In the earlier stages, hammertoes are flexible and the symptoms can often be managed with noninvasive measures. But if left untreated, hammertoes can become more rigid and will not respond to non-surgical treatment.

Because of the progressive nature of hammertoes, they should receive early attention. Hammertoes never get better without some kind of intervention.

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Heel Pain (Plantar Fasciitis)

What are the treatments for Heel Pain?Heel pain is most often caused by plantar fasciitis, a condition that is sometimes also called heel spur syndrome when a spur is present. Heel pain may also be due to other causes, such as a stress fracture, tendonitis, arthritis, nerve irritation, or, rarely, a cyst.

Because there are several potential causes, it is important to have heel pain properly diagnosed. A foot and ankle surgeon is able to distinguish between all the possibilities and determine the underlying source of your heel pain.

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What’s Causing Your Ankle Pain? Is It a Sprain, a Fracture– or Something Else?

Professional Athletes’ Broken Ankles Capture Headlines in Early 2015At its mildest, ankle pain is uncomfortable. In its most severe cases, ankle pain can be debilitating, rendering the sufferer unable to walk. Most often, ankle pain is described as a dull, persistent ache that occurs when the ankles bear weight or when they are in motion. Ankle pain can occur in anyone, regardless of age or gender. However, it’s most common in athletes and men under the age of 24. In women, ankle pain is more prevalent over the age of 30.

What causes ankle pain?

Often, ankle pain occurs after a fall or sports injury. However, there are numerous other causes of ankle pain. A sprain is one of the most common causes. An ankle sprain results from injury to the ligaments that connect the ankle bones. If one of the bones in the ankle is fractured, ankle pain is often severe.

Sprains and fractures due to injury aren’t the only causes of ankle pain. Less common causes include gout, osteoarthritis, and even infection. In runners, a frequent cause of ankle pain is Achilles tendonitis. This occurs when the calf muscles at the back of the leg are overworked.

Diagnosing ankle pain

To determine the cause of your ankle pain, your podiatrist will begin by asking you questions: how long have you been in pain? What were you doing when the pain began? Then, your podiatrist will examine your ankle. Often, an X-ray is ordered to determine if there is a sprain or fracture. Sometimes, fluid is taken from the ankle joint to check for infection.

Treating ankle pain

The treatment plan for ankle pain depends on the underlying cause. Many cases of ankle pain are treated with rest and immobilization. You might be required to use crutches for several weeks. Your podiatrist might also suggest elevating your ankle when you’re at rest. Additionally, your podiatrist might also direct you to apply ice to your ankle a few times each day in an effort to reduce swelling. Compression bandages can also be used to reduce swelling. Anti-inflammatory medications might also be recommended to help with pain and swelling.

If you’re suffering from ankle pain that is not resolving, please contact us today to learn more.

Ankle Sprain Study Released: Warning Issued to Women Who Love High-Heels

Professional Athletes’ Broken Ankles Capture Headlines in Early 2015In May 2015, The Journal of Foot & Ankle Surgery® published a study that confirmed what podiatrists have known for decades. High-heel shoes may potentially cause wearers to experience ankle sprains as well as a cavalcade of other injuries. The study looked at foot and ankle injuries over a span of 10 years, starting with 2002. But one doesn’t have to go back that far to see what kind of damage wearing high-heels can do to the ankle.

In April 2015, high-heel wearing Britney Spears had a very public accident on stage. The video of her injury made its rounds on social media and in the mainstream media. So, many people got to see the unfortunate incident go down. In the end, she had to alter her tour schedule to accommodate what the media reports widely claimed was an ankle sprain.

When a woman sprains her ankle, doctors will assign the injury a grade. The grades run from one to three with three being the most severe. It often involves mid-section ruptures or separation of the ligament from the bone. Once the ligament ruptures or separates from the bone, the person must be immobilized and kept that way for an extended period of time.

If the ankle injury does not look like it will heal properly, scheduling surgical reconstruction or arthroscopy may be the next logical step. Oftentimes, when combined with physical therapy, it will completely reverse the damage. However, in some segments of the population full restoration of ankle movement may not be possible (e.g. elderly). The ultimate outcome of grade three ankle sprains all hinges on numerous factors. A podiatrist will typically review a patient’s case file prior to recommending surgery just in case.

Lower grade ankle sprains are treated differently, although rest and immobilization may be a part of the person’s care plan. Healing time is generally shorter and range-of-motion exercises are typically a central part of the plan. Anti-inflammatory drugs may be prescribed for painful ankle injuries as well. If you or a loved one experiences a high-heel related ankle sprain, please seek professional podiatry care right away.

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